NASH was diagnosed in 59% and 74% of the patients with normal and increased ALT, respectively (P = 0.01). In the JIB-04 in vitro overall series of patients, NASH was independently predicted by ALT (odds ratio [OR], 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.19 per 10-IU/mL increase) and diabetes (OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0). The same variables were selected in patients with increased ALT, whereas in those with normal ALT, HOMA-IR and ALT were independent predictors. Severe fibrosis was independently
predicted by serum ferritin (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.001-1.08 per 50-ng/mL increase), ALT (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.14), and diabetes (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4-2-3) in the overall series, serum ferritin and diabetes in those with increased ALT, and only HOMA-IR (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.2-3.7) in patients with normal ALT. Conclusion: Normal ALT is not a valuable criterion to exclude patients from liver biopsy. Alterations in glucose metabolism and insulin resistance SIS3 in subjects with normal ALT should also be considered in the selection of NAFLD cases for histological assessment
of disease severity and progression.”
“Macrophages and neutrophils are essential elements of host cellular defense systems that function, at least in part, by generating respiration-driven oxidative toxins in response to external stimuli. In both cells, encapsulation by phagocytosis provides a mechanism to direct the toxins against the microbes. The toxic chemicals formed by these two phagocytic cells differ markedly, as do the enzymatic catalysts that generate them. Nitrite ion is microbicidal under certain conditions, is generated by activated macrophages, and is present
at elevated concentration levels at infection sites. In this review, we consider potential roles that nitrite might play in cellular disinfection by these phagocytes within the context of available experimental information. Although the suggested roles are plausible, based upon the chemical and biochemical reactivity PP2 of NO(2)(-), studies to date provide little support for their implementation within phagosomes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“The genes involved in DNA repair system play a crucial role in the protection against mutations. It has been hypothesized that functional deficiencies in highly conserved DNA repair processes resulting from polymorphic variation may increase genetic susceptibility to breast cancer (BC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms in 2 DNA repair genes, XPD (Asp312Asn) and XRCC1 (A399G), with BC susceptibility. We further investigated the potential combined effect of these DNA repair variants on BC risk.