“Background and Purpose: In the era of rigid ureteroscopy

“Background and Purpose: In the era of rigid ureteroscopy (URS) for ureteral stones, asymptomatic renal stones were often left in place. With the advent of flexible URS, however, the treatment of such renal stones became an attractive option. Data are scarce regarding the impact of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) performed at the time of URS for a symptomatic ureteral stone in comparison with ureteral stone removal alone. The purpose of the study was to

compare the outcomes of URS combined with RIRS with find more URS alone.

Patients and Methods: A comparison between patients who underwent URS and RIRS (group A, n = 47) and a matched control group of patients undergoing URS alone (group B, n = 47) was performed. Matching was based on ureteral stone size and location, and preprocedural Double-J stent placement.

Results: The median size of the largest GSK 4529 ureteral stone in both groups was 8 mm with a mean total stone burden of 52.9 mm(2) (28.9) and 47 mm(2) (21.1) in groups A and B, respectively. Median renal stone size was 9 mm with a mean total stone burden of 84.1 mm(2) (40.3). Mean surgery time in groups A and B was 68 minutes (19.61) and 39 minutes (15.96), respectively (P<0.001). Median hospital stay was 1 day for both groups.

The success rate for ureteral stone removal was 98% and 100% in groups A and B, respectively. Success rate for RIRS was 85% (40/47 cases). Hospitalization length and complications, mainly postoperative fever, did not differ significantly between the groups.

Conclusions: Managing asymptomatic renal stones at the time of URS for symptomatic ureteral stones significantly prolongs surgery duration but does not lengthen hospital stay, increase complications, or lower success rates. This combined approach reduces the need for future procedures and is probably more cost effective.”
“Purpose of review

This review summarizes recent advances in the field

of diabetes and rheumatic disease. These conditions exert a significant healthcare burden MDV3100 order on our society and much remains to be learned regarding their pathophysiology and treatment.

Recent findings

We summarize new insights into diabetes and its association with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoporosis, diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, crystalline arthropathy, neuropathic arthropathy, and tendinopathy. Diabetes has major effects on connective tissues, which have significant impact on both the development and outcome of these diseases of cartilage, bone, ligament, and tendon. An improved understanding of the mechanisms through which diabetes alters connective tissue metabolism should lead to better preventive and therapeutic interventions.

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