These high kinetic incident energies lead to the implantation of ions into the existing film and resputtering from its surface. The consequent film growth is in the subsurface or subplantation growth mode, in which the material does not grow on top of the already deposited film. It is proved that by considering the role of resputtering, which is neglected in other theoretical models of PLD, experimentally observed deviations from the stoichiometric growth of multicomponent materials and dips in thickness profiles of elemental materials at the film center can be explained. The calculated implantation depths are also
consistent with the reported measured ones. Taking into account the role of sputtering yield in calculating the deposition rate of the material, and evaluating the mean number of produced vacancies inside the growing film, two different approaches are proposed for Selleckchem BVD-523 the optimal growth of materials in PLD. To obtain high quality thin films, one should use a noble gas that ensures higher mass ratios (the ratio of the ablated ion to the gas
atomic masses) at higher pressures; however, to achieve the highest growth speeds, higher mass ratios at lower pressures are recommended. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3624768]“
“Porous polymer films were generated by biaxial stretching of polypropylene (PP) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) filled with various amounts of calcium carbonate particles. The porosity of the films was measured by mercury porosimetry, and the obtained LGX818 solubility dmso results were related to the processing conditions and to the morphology development during the biaxial stretching. The results showed that increasing the calcium carbonate (CaCO3) concentration and the draw ratio resulted in porosity
increase for PP-based composite films and in a decreased porosity AZD0530 solubility dmso in HDPE-based composite films. Such peculiar behavior was connected to interfacial specific interactions between the matrix and the dispersed particles as well as to the crystallinity of the films. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 3425-3436, 2012″
Congenital anomalies are easily diagnosed on radiology and rarely have an unusual presentation requiring an invasive diagnostic procedure. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), though a well-established diagnostic technique for abdominal and retroperitoneal lesions, is fraught with several challenges and pitfalls.
We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with all ectopic kidney presenting as all abdominal MISS. Oil FNAC the cellular aspirate was misinterpreted as a paraganglioma or metastatic carcinoma.
This case highlights the fact that oil FNAC, normal cellular components, especially from the kidney, provide a Significant pitfall for overdiagnosis, potentially resulting in unnecessary surgical explorations.