Analysis of human fetal livers suggests that similar progenitors are present in human livers. Lineage tracing in mice provides in vivo evidence of a KDR+ hepatic progenitor for fetal hepatoblasts, adult hepatocytes, and adult cholangiocytes. Altogether, our buy GDC-0941 findings reveal that
KDR is a conserved marker for endoderm- derived hepatic progenitors and a functional receptor instructing early liver development.”
“Objectives: Uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissection (AD) treated conservatively has a 10% 30-day mortality and up to 25% need intervention within 4 years. In complicated AD, stent grafts have been encouraging. The aim of the present prospective randomised trial was to compare best medical treatment (BMT) with BMT and Gore TAG stent graft in patients with uncomplicated AD. The primary endpoint was a combination of incomplete/no false lumen thrombosis, aortic dilatation, or aortic rupture AMN-107 at 1 year. Methods: The AD history had to be less than 14
days, and exclusion criteria were rupture, impending rupture, malperfusion. Of the 61 patients randomised, 80% were DeBakey type IIIB. Results: Thirty-one patients were randomised to the BMT group and 30 to the BMT+TAG group. Mean age was 63 years for both groups. The left subclavian artery was completely covered in 47% and in part in 17% of the cases. During the first 30 days, CBL0137 mouse no deaths occurred in either group, but there were three crossovers from the BMT to the BMT TAG group, all due to progression of disease within 1 week. There were two withdrawals from
the BMT+TAG group. At the 1-year follow up there had been another two failures in the BMT group: one malperfusion and one aneurysm formation (p = .056 for all). One death occurred in the BMT TAG group. For the overall endpoint BMT+TAG was significantly different from BMT only (p smaller than .001). Incomplete false lumen thrombosis, was found in 13 (43%) of the TAG+BMT group and 30 (97%) of the BMT group (p smaller than .001). The false lumen reduced in size in the BMT+TAG group (p smaller than .001) whereas in the BMT group it increased. The true lumen increased in the BMT TAG (p smaller than .001) whereas in the BMT group it remained unchanged. The overall transverse diameter was the same at the beginning and after 1 year in the BMT group (42.1 mm), but in the BMT+TAG it decreased (38.8 mm; p = .062). Conclusions: Uncomplicated AD can be safely treated with the Gore TAG device. Remodelling with thrombosis of the false lumen and reduction of its diameter is induced by the stent graft, but long term results are needed. (C) 2014 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.