(C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved “
“We have studie

(C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“We have studied the 5-acetamido-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulphonamide compound and characterized it by infrared and Raman spectroscopy in the solid phase. The Density Functional Theory (DFT) method together with Pople’s basis set show that two stable molecules for the compound have been theoretically determined in the gas phase, and that only the more stable conformation is present in the solid phase, as was experimentally observed. The harmonic vibrational wavenumbers for the optimized geometry were calculated at B3LYP/6-31G* and B3LYP/6-311++G** levels at the proximity of the isolated molecule. For a complete assignment of the vibrational spectra in

the compound solid, DFT calculations were combined with Pulays Scaled Quantum selleckchem Mechanics Force Field (SQMFF) methodology in order to fit the theoretical wavenumber values to the experimental ones. In this way, a complete assignment of all of the observed bands in the infrared spectrum for the compound was performed. The natural bond orbital (NBO) study reveals the characteristics of the electronic

delocalization of the two structures, while the corresponding topological properties of electronic charge density are analysed by employing Bader’s Atoms in the Molecules theory (AIM). (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The dominant pools of C and N in the terrestrial biosphere are in soils, and understanding what factors control the rates at which these pools cycle is essential in understanding soil CO2 production and N availability. BMS-777607 clinical trial Many previous studies Selleck Bindarit have examined large scale patterns in decomposition of C and N in plant litter and organic soils, but few have done so in mineral soils, and fewer have looked beyond ecosystem specific, regional, or gradient-specific drivers. In this study, we

examined the rates of microbial respiration and net N mineralization in 84 distinct mineral soils in static laboratory incubations. We examined patterns in C and N pool sizes, microbial biomass, and process rates by vegetation type (grassland, shrubland, coniferous forest, and deciduous/broadleaf forest). We also modeled microbial respiration and net N mineralization in relation to soil and site characteristics using structural equation modeling to identify potential process drivers across soils. While we did not explicitly investigate the influence of soil organic matter quality, microbial community composition, or clay mineralogy on microbial process rates in this study, our models allow us to put boundaries on the unique explanatory power these characteristics could potentially provide in predicting respiration and net N mineralization. Mean annual temperature and precipitation, soil C concentration, microbial biomass, and clay content predicted 78% of the variance in microbial respiration, with 61% explained by microbial biomass alone.

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