, 1999; Michael, 2000). It should be noted that less information is available concerning the synthesis and biological evaluation of alkynylthioquinolines (Abele et al., 2002; Makisumi and Murabayashi, 1969; Boryczka, 1999). It is noteworthy that no data about the synthesis and cytotoxic activity of quinolines containing
a selenoacetylenic substituent are available. The chemical and physical properties of selenium are very similar to those of sulfur but the biochemistry differs in at least two respects that distinguish them in biological systems (Aboul-Faddl, 2005). First, in biological systems selenium compounds are metabolized to more reduced states, whereas sulfur compounds are metabolized to more 17-AAG order oxidized states; second, selenols are more acidic than thiols, and they are readily oxidized. In general, organoselenium compounds are more reactive Epoxomicin nmr than their sulfur analogs due to weaker C–Se bond than the C–S bond. These properties can be involved in higher activity of the Se compounds against cancer cells than S derivatives (Aboul-Faddl, 2005). The synthetic methods for preparation of acetylenic compounds are of interest especially with regard to the synthesis of enediyne antitumor antibiotics or similar molecules (Nicolaou and Dai, 1991;
Grissom et al., 1996; Joshi et al., 2007; Kumar et al., 2001). Several cyclic and acyclic models have recently either been developed, some of them including pyridine and quinoline units (Rawat et al., 2001; Knoll et al., FLT3 inhibitor 1988; Bhattacharyya et al., 2006). We have reported a simple and efficient method for the synthesis of 3,4-disubstituted thioquinolines, which possess one or two the same or different O, S, Se acetylenic groups. The new acetylenic thioquinolines exhibited antiproliferative activity in vitro against a broad panel of human and murine cancer cell lines comparable to cisplatin (Boryczka et al., 2002a, 2002b; Mól et al., 2006, 2008). The structure–activity
relationships study show a significant correlation between the antiproliferative activity and the electronic properties expressed as 13C NMR chemical shift, lipophilicity, and molecular electrostatic potential (Boryczka et al., 2002b, 2003; Bajda et al., 2007; Boryczka et al., 2010). It is well known that several acetylenic compounds possessing 2-butynyl motif exhibit specific pharmacological activities, although the exact role of the 2-butynyl motif in the activity of these derivatives is not fully understood (Ben-Zvi and Danon, 1994). As an extension of our work on the development of anticancer drugs, we synthesized derivatives 6–12 and 16–25 with the aim to obtain more information about the influence of 4-chloro-2-butynyl and 4-acyloxy-2-butynyl groups on antiproliferative activity in this class of compounds.